The Cotton Catchment Communities CRC would like to welcome you.

Our thoughts are with the flood-affected communities and farmers in Queensland and New South Wales.


Central and southern Queensland, northern, central and southern NSW, northern Victoria, and small areas of northern Queensland, northern Western Australia, and the Northern Territory are the main production areas for cotton. NSW and Queensland grow 66 per cent and 33 per cent of Australia’s cotton, respectively. Around 90% of Australia’s cotton businesses are family farms, and they produce about 80% of the crop. For generations, these families have lived and worked in their communities.

A typical Australian cotton farm looks like this:

  • is a family-run business;
  • nine people are directly employed;
  • is run by growers who are on average 47 years old;
  • Cotton is grown on 576 hectares, accounting for 10% of the total farmland;
  • many Australian cotton farmers also graze sheep and cattle; supplements cotton with other crops such as wheat, chickpeas, and sorghum;
  • Natural areas, such as native vegetation and riparian zones, account for 10 to 40% of the total property area.

Contribution from the community

The Australian cotton industry employs more than 12,000 people and generates $2 billion in export earnings each year (source: Australian Grown Cotton Sustainability Report, 2014).

Cotton is a major crop in Australia, accounting for 30–60% of the gross value of total agricultural production in the regions where it is grown (source: Australian Grown Cotton Sustainability Report, 2014).

Cotton growers in Australia produce enough cotton to clothe 500 million people in an average year.

In 2011/2012, the Australian cotton industry produced a record crop, with over 583,000 hectares planted. More than 5 million bales were produced in this area, with a total forecast value of close to $3 billion.